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Emergency gynaecologist in London

Emergency gynaecology/gynaecologist London

Emergency gynaecology encompasses urgent medical conditions affecting women's reproductive health that require immediate attention. These conditions can range from acute pelvic pain and extreme menstrual bleeding to threatened miscarriage and ovarian cysts.

Understanding the significance of emergency gynaecology is vital as it addresses issues that can be life-threatening, limb-threatening, or organ-threatening, and can significantly impact a woman's quality of life. By recognising and addressing these conditions promptly, healthcare providers can help prevent complications and ensure the best possible outcomes for patients.

If you find this information useful, you may also wish to read about Private Scan For Suspected Miscarriage. For non-emergency but urgent care requirements, ask us about a 2 week referral for gynaecology.

What defines a medical emergency?

A medical emergency is defined as any situation in which there is an immediate threat to a person's life, limb, or organ function, or which may result in a significant change to their quality of life. In clinical terms, an emergency encompasses conditions or events that could pose a risk of death, severe injury, or permanent disability if not promptly addressed.

This includes but is not limited to, acute illnesses, traumatic injuries, severe pain, sudden changes in vital signs, or any condition that requires immediate medical intervention to prevent further harm or deterioration. The classification of an emergency is based on the urgency and severity of the situation, necessitating rapid assessment, treatment, and management by healthcare professionals.

Identifying common gynaecological emergencies

Gynaecological emergencies encompass a spectrum of critical conditions that demand immediate medical attention. Among these, ectopic pregnancy and ovarian torsion rank as the most prevalent and potentially life-threatening. Our director and experienced clinical lead Mr Osama Naji underscores their significance, noting, "The most common gynaecological emergency is ectopic pregnancy and ovarian torsion."

Ectopic pregnancies, occurring outside the uterus, and ovarian torsion, involving the twisting of the ovary, pose grave risks to a woman's health and fertility. Understanding the prevalence and gravity of these emergencies is important for healthcare providers in ensuring timely and appropriate care for affected individuals.

The 2022 MBRRACE Report 2018-20 highlights ectopic pregnancy as the leading cause of maternal death in early pregnancy. Shockingly, the latest report reveals an increase in the death rate from ectopic pregnancy, with eight women succumbing to this condition within 48 hours of presentation (The Ectopic Pregnancy Trust). This underscores the urgent need for improved detection, management, and access to timely medical care for women at risk of ectopic pregnancy. Mr. Naji emphasises that swift diagnosis and intervention in such cases is essential.

The subjectivity of emergencies

What may constitute an emergency for one individual may not hold the same urgency for another. Recognising emergencies hinges on their potential to jeopardise life, limb, or organ function, underscoring the critical need for healthcare providers to discern and respond promptly to such situations.

In the next section, we delve into the key characteristics of gynaecological emergencies. By understanding these features, patients can better discern when emergency action is warranted. Let's explore the critical aspects that define gynaecological emergencies and guide patients in seeking timely medical attention when needed.

Accessing emergency gynaecology care

Mr. Naji stresses the importance of accessing emergency gynaecological care promptly, regardless of the healthcare setting. "Most of these emergencies require some form of medical attention whether it's on the NHS or whether in private healthcare," he notes. Patients have options for seeking emergency care, including immediate access to NHS emergency departments or private healthcare facilities equipped to manage gynaecological emergencies. Consultants play a pivotal role in managing emergencies, providing expertise and overseeing patient care round-the-clock. Whether patients choose NHS or private care, the priority remains the same: swift clinical assessment and intervention to address gynaecological emergencies effectively.

Accessing emergency gynaecological care offers patients various pathways to receive timely and effective treatment. Within the NHS, patients can seek immediate assistance by visiting NHS emergency departments, where they have access to a range of medical professionals, including gynaecologists and emergency consultants. These departments are equipped to manage a wide spectrum of gynaecological emergencies and provide comprehensive care round-the-clock.

Alternatively, patients may opt for private healthcare settings, such as the Rylon Clinic, where they can receive expedited access to specialist gynaecological care. Private clinics offer the advantage of shorter wait times for consultations and procedures, ensuring prompt assessment and intervention for gynaecological emergencies. Consultants at private clinics like Rylon Clinic are readily available to oversee patient care and provide expert guidance throughout the treatment process.

Regardless of the chosen pathway, the primary goal remains consistent: to address gynaecological emergencies swiftly and effectively. By accessing emergency care through either NHS or private healthcare settings, patients can receive the urgent medical attention they need to manage gynaecological emergencies and safeguard their health and well-being.

NHS vs private care for emergency gynaecology

When considering the pros and cons of accessing emergency gynaecological care through the NHS versus private healthcare settings, several factors come into play.

NHS emergency care



NHS emergency departments are widely accessible, providing immediate care to patients regardless of their financial status or insurance coverage.

Comprehensive services

NHS facilities offer a wide range of medical services, including emergency gynaecological care, with access to specialists and diagnostic tests.


Treatment received at NHS emergency departments is typically free at the point of delivery, ensuring that patients do not incur direct costs for emergency care.


Possible long wait times

NHS emergency departments may experience long wait times, especially during peak hours or periods of high demand, which could delay access to urgent care.

Limited consultation time

Due to high patient volumes, consultations with healthcare professionals in NHS emergency departments may be brief, potentially impacting the depth of communication.

Resource Constraints

NHS facilities may face resource constraints, including staffing shortages and equipment limitations, which could affect the quality and timeliness of care delivery.

Private Healthcare Settings


Expedited access

Private healthcare settings often offer shorter wait times for consultations and procedures, enabling patients to receive prompt assessment and intervention for gynaecological emergencies.

Personalised care

Private clinics like Rylon Clinic provide personalised care, with dedicated attention from consultants and healthcare professionals throughout the treatment process.

Enhanced facilities

Private healthcare facilities may boast state-of-the-art equipment and amenities, enhancing the overall patient experience and ensuring access to advanced diagnostic and treatment options.



Private healthcare services typically involve out-of-pocket expenses or reliance on private health insurance, potentially posing financial barriers to accessing care for some individuals.

Variable coverage

Depending on the type of insurance coverage or healthcare plan, certain services or treatments may not be fully covered, leading to additional costs for patients.

Limited accessibility

Private healthcare settings may have limited accessibility compared to NHS facilities, particularly for individuals residing in remote or underserved areas.

In summary, while both NHS and private healthcare settings offer pathways for accessing emergency gynaecological care, each comes with its own set of advantages and limitations. Patients should consider their individual preferences, healthcare needs, and financial circumstances when choosing between NHS and private healthcare options for managing gynaecological emergencies.

Private hospitals and emergency gynaecology recovery

Private hospital care after a gynaecology emergency can offer a range of benefits that contribute to a more comfortable and supportive patient recovery experience. These include:

Personalised attention

Patients often receive more personalised attention from healthcare professionals in private hospital settings. This can include dedicated support from consultants and specialists who oversee their care throughout the treatment process.

Private rooms

Private hospitals typically offer spacious private rooms for patients, providing privacy and comfort during their stay. This allows for better comfort and relaxation, enhancing the overall patient experience.

Better sleep quality

Private rooms in hospitals often provide a quieter and more conducive environment for rest and sleep compared to shared wards. Improved sleep quality can contribute to faster recovery and better overall outcomes for patients.

Enhanced amenities

Private hospital environments are designed to prioritise patient comfort and well-being. From enhanced amenities to attentive staff, patients can expect a higher level of service and support during their time in a private hospital.

Improved food quality

Private hospitals may offer higher quality and more diverse meal options compared to NHS facilities. Nutritious and appetising food can support recovery and provide patients with the nourishment they need during their hospital stay.

Overall, these benefits contribute to a more positive and supportive patient experience in private hospital care, enhancing comfort, well-being, and satisfaction following emergency medical treatment. If you have an emergency NHS procedure, it may be possible to arrange a transfer for your post-operative recovery and care to take place in a private hospital setting.

Clinical presentation and management

Symptoms such as acute pelvic pain, extreme menstrual bleeding, and signs suggestive of threatened miscarriage warrant immediate clinical evaluation. Mr. Naji emphasises the significance of clinical assessment, examination, and timely intervention in managing gynaecological emergencies effectively.

Acute pelvic pain

Acute pelvic pain can signify various underlying gynaecological emergencies, including ovarian torsion and ectopic pregnancy. Patients may describe sudden, severe pain in the lower abdomen or pelvis, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and lightheadedness.

In these circumstances there is an urgency of clinical assessment via ultrasound and physical examination to rule out organ-threatening conditions. Immediate surgical intervention may be necessary if ovarian torsion is confirmed, aiming to preserve organ function and alleviate symptoms.

Extreme menstrual bleeding

Very heavy menstrual bleeding, especially in women of reproductive age, can indicate serious conditions such as ectopic pregnancy or threatened miscarriage. Mr. Naji underscores the importance of promptly assessing patients with refractory menstrual bleeding, particularly if accompanied by pelvic pain or suspected pregnancy. Clinical evaluation may involve assessing vital signs, conducting a pelvic examination, and performing ultrasound imaging to determine the underlying cause. Early intervention is crucial to prevent complications and ensure optimal patient outcomes.

Untreated extreme menstrual bleeding, medically known as menorrhagia, can lead to various complications, including:

1. Iron deficiency anaemia: Heavy menstrual bleeding can result in significant blood loss, leading to iron deficiency anaemia over time. Symptoms may include fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and pallor.

2. Impaired quality of life: Menorrhagia can significantly impact a person's quality of life, causing physical discomfort, emotional distress, and disruptions to daily activities and social interactions.

3. Decreased fertility: In some cases, excessive menstrual bleeding may interfere with ovulation and fertility. Hormonal imbalances associated with menorrhagia can affect the menstrual cycle and make it more challenging to conceive.

4. Psychological distress: Living with chronic heavy menstrual bleeding can cause psychological distress, including anxiety, depression, and stress, due to the constant worry about bleeding episodes and their impact on daily life.

5. Medical complications: Severe or prolonged menstrual bleeding may increase the risk of certain medical complications, such as pelvic pain, blood clots, and infections, especially if underlying conditions, such as fibroids or endometriosis, are present.

6. Interference with daily activities: Excessive menstrual bleeding can interfere with daily activities, work, school, and social engagements, leading to absenteeism, reduced productivity, and limitations in physical and social functioning.

7. Financial burden: Managing heavy menstrual bleeding may entail additional healthcare expenses, including visits to healthcare providers, diagnostic tests, medications, and potentially invasive treatments or procedures, imposing a financial burden on individuals and their families.

The complications of extreme menstrual bleeding can have a significant impact on physical health, emotional well-being, fertility, and overall quality of life. It is essential for individuals experiencing menorrhagia to seek medical evaluation and appropriate management to address underlying causes and alleviate symptoms.

Threatened miscarriage

Threatened miscarriage presents with vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping, indicating potential pregnancy loss in the early stages. In these circumstances there is a need for immediate clinical evaluation to assess the viability of the pregnancy and rule out complications such as ectopic pregnancy or incomplete miscarriage. Monitoring vital signs, conducting ultrasound scans, and assessing the cervix for dilation are essential steps in managing threatened miscarriage. Patients may require supportive care, close monitoring, or medical intervention to prevent further complications and preserve the pregnancy when possible.

Ovarian Cysts

Large or ruptured ovarian cysts can lead to significant pelvic pain and pose a risk of ovarian torsion. The important priority here is recognising symptoms such as sudden, sharp pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, and nausea, which may indicate cyst rupture or torsion. Clinical evaluation typically involves performing ultrasound imaging to visualise the cyst and assess its size and integrity. Depending on the severity of symptoms and imaging findings, patients may require close monitoring, pain management, or surgical intervention to address the underlying cyst and prevent complications.

Untreated ovarian cysts can lead to several complications, including:


Ovarian cysts may rupture, causing sudden, severe abdominal pain, bleeding, and potentially leading to internal bleeding or infection.


Ovarian cysts can twist or cause the ovary to twist (ovarian torsion), cutting off its blood supply. This can result in severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and potentially lead to ovarian damage or loss of the ovary if not promptly treated.


Large or persistent ovarian cysts can interfere with normal ovulation and menstrual cycles, potentially leading to fertility issues if left untreated.

Pelvic Pain

Ovarian cysts can cause chronic pelvic pain, discomfort during intercourse, and pressure on surrounding organs, affecting quality of life.


Untreated ovarian cysts may lead to the formation of scar tissue (adhesions) in the pelvis, which can cause pain, bowel or bladder obstruction, and complications with future surgeries or fertility treatments.


Some types of ovarian cysts, such as endometriomas, are associated with endometriosis. Untreated endometriosis can lead to chronic pelvic pain, inflammation, and potentially affect fertility.

Complications in pregnancy

Ovarian cysts detected during pregnancy can sometimes lead to complications such as ovarian torsion or rupture, which may require emergency medical intervention.


While most ovarian cysts are benign, some may be cancerous or have the potential to become cancerous if left untreated. Delayed diagnosis and management of malignant ovarian cysts can result in the spread of cancer and worsened prognosis.

It's essential for individuals experiencing emergency symptoms of ovarian cysts to seek medical assistance and appropriate management. Treatment options may include watchful waiting, medications, or surgical intervention, depending on the size, type, and symptoms associated with the cyst. Early detection and management can help prevent complications and preserve reproductive health.

Mr. Naji provides insights into the clinical presentation of common gynaecological emergencies, stressing the importance of recognising key symptoms and signs. "Most of these emergencies require some form of medical attention," he remarks, underscoring the need for prompt assessment and intervention. In each of these gynaecological emergencies, prompt clinical assessment, examination, and intervention are essential to ensure timely diagnosis and appropriate management. By recognising the clinical presentation of these conditions, healthcare providers can expedite treatment and minimise the risk of adverse outcomes for patients.

Collaborative approach to care

In managing gynaecological emergencies, a collaborative approach involving healthcare professionals from different specialties is essential. Whether patients initially seek care through the NHS or private healthcare providers like Rylon Clinic, it's crucial to recognise that both options remain accessible throughout the treatment and recovery journey.

Mr. Naji emphasises the importance of this collaborative approach, noting that "there is always a backup and the NHS that is always available for us." This highlights the seamless transition between healthcare settings, ensuring that patients can access the appropriate level of care at each stage of their journey.

At Rylon Clinic, we understand the value of collaboration between NHS and private healthcare providers. Our team works closely with NHS colleagues to facilitate referrals, share patient information, and coordinate care when necessary. This ensures continuity of care and enables patients to access additional resources and expertise as needed.

Moreover, patients who initially receive care through the NHS can choose to transition to private healthcare for ongoing treatment or specialised procedures, if desired. Similarly, those who begin their journey in private healthcare can access NHS services for follow-up care or additional support.

By embracing a collaborative approach to care, healthcare providers can optimise patient outcomes and ensure that individuals receive the comprehensive, personalised care they need at every stage of their treatment and recovery journey. Whether accessing care through the NHS, private healthcare providers like Rylon Clinic, or a combination of both, patients can rest assured that their health and well-being remain the top priority.

In addition, Rylon Clinic offers a range of advanced diagnostic and treatment options, including state-of-the-art facilities and specialised procedures, to address a wide spectrum of gynaecological emergencies. By prioritising collaboration and patient-centric care, we strive to ensure optimal outcomes and peace of mind for our patients during emergency situations.

Prioritising women's health in emergencies

Timely recognition and management of gynaecological emergencies are paramount for ensuring optimal outcomes and preserving women's health. Throughout this article, we have explored the various facets of emergency gynaecology, from understanding its significance to identifying common emergencies and accessing prompt care.

It is important to recognise the signs and symptoms of gynaecological emergencies, such as acute pelvic pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, threatened miscarriage, and ovarian cysts, and seek immediate medical attention when necessary. Whether accessing care through the NHS or private healthcare providers like Rylon Clinic, the priority remains the same: addressing emergencies swiftly and effectively to prevent complications and safeguard women's well-being.

We encourage readers to remain vigilant and proactive about their gynaecological health, advocating for themselves and seeking timely medical attention for any concerning symptoms or signs. By prioritising women's health in emergencies and accessing appropriate care when needed, we can ensure the best possible outcomes and promote overall well-being for all individuals.

Author: Mr Osama Naji

Author: Mr Osama Naji

Mr Naji offers a “one-stop” gynaecology clinic for instant detection of various gynaecological cancers as well as providing all the diagnostic and treatment services needed under one roof.

Mr Naji provides advanced gynaecology scanning which is essential when conducting any gynaecology consultation, he is bilingual in English and Arabic and has an NHS base at the highly reputable Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital in London.

He is passionate about raising awareness of various subtle signs and symptoms of gynaecological conditions that are often overlooked by patients.

You can read more about Mr Naji on his about page here.


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